President, Equal Justice Foundation, Colorado Springs, 2001.
After leaving active duty with the Marines in 1959, a summer with the U.S. Forest Service in 1960 convinced me, and them, that I would not make a good government bureaucrat. I then bought a 30-foot Tahiti ketch that I planned on sailing around the world. To finance that adventure I went to work for General Dynamics/Convair/Astronautics in San Diego, California.
The job involved preflight testing of early Atlas missiles, including all of the Project Mercury birds, and later the first ICBM's as well as the Centaur upper stage. My training in U.S. Navy and Marine Corps electronics schools stood me in good stead and I was soon doing failure analysis, writing and developing test procedures, working with radio telemetry, and coordinating with engineering departments on design issues. But government contracts don't last...
In January 1965 I went to work for Prof. Victor Vacquier at Scripps Institution of Oceanography (SIO) in San Diego. There I designed, developed, tested, and deployed an instrument to measure terrestrial heat flow through the ocean flow.
Using that instrument I was involved in many expeditions that covered a large portion of the North Pacific. Those measurements were a crucial component in verifying sea floor spreading and continental drift in the 1960's.
The Deep Sea Drilling program was just getting underway and I invented an instrument for measuring heat flow in front of the advancing drill bit. That led to a position at Woods Hole Oceanographic (WHOI) in early 1968 to develop that idea.
Research involved in mining exploration with American Metals Climax (AMAX) begun in 1977 led to overturning a paradigm that had existed for over 150 years regarding galvanic current flow in ore bodies. This work on self potentials (SP) is now widely used for mapping contaminants in the near surface, leaking underground storage tanks, etc., as well as traditional uses of SP in mining exploration. The 1983 field manual on how to measure SP is still downloaded from this web site between 300 and 3,500 times a month, mute testimony to the enduring value of this research.
It had long been known that the response of sulfide ore bodies to induced electrical fields (IP) was directional. In working with Zonge Engineering to develop their controlled source audiomagnetotelluric method (CSAMT) the directional effects were particularly pronounced. That led to the discovery that ore minerals are commonly ferroelectrics and that ore bodies behave as a polarized dielectric medium, or solid plasma, in electrical surveys.
The heat flow instrument also measured the temperature of the abyssal ocean continuously from the sea floor up to the thermocline with an absolute accuracy of ±0.005° C. Nansen bottles were also modified in order to collect water samples 1 m and 100 m above the sea floor in conjunction with heat flow measurements, not readily done with a conventional Nansen cast.
In early 1990 I returned to WHOI where I served as the international coordinator for the World Ocean Circulation Experiment (WOCE) working with 30+ countries to map the world's oceans to consistent standards of accuracy and sample spacing for the first time. As part of that I helped set standards for many of the required measurements. The effort also involved design of a relational database for the multitude of data the global project generated as well as involvement with the design and development of one of the first 100 web sites (OCEANIC) on the World Wide Web.
The terrestrial heat flow studies showed a roughly 1,000 km diameter area of low or negative heat flow in the Guatemala Basin just east of the East Pacific Rise spreading center. Sea floor spreading theory requires ocean crust adjacent to a spreading center to have high heat flow. To the west of the East Pacific Rise at these latitudes there is indeed high heat flow, as well as to the north and south.
Lacking any other feasible mechanism to explain this large area of low heat flow in 1968 Lee Bell and I postulated that the basin was an astrobleme . While impact structures are commonly accepted now, our idea didn't go far at the time. However, I've seen no better explanation for the low heat flow.
I left Scripps at the end of 1968 and returned to college, something Prof. Vacquier had been encouraging me to do as I had no degree. I finished my bachelors degree in four quarters and graduated in March 1970 and started graduate school in September. We occupied that summer by going on a 1,000 mile horse trip.
My interest in impact structures continued and I needed a thesis topic for my masters degree. My undergraduate adviser, Prof. Clyde Hardy, suggested I investigate the Solitario , a large, circular structure in Trans-Pecos Texas as a possible impact structure, which I did.
That was hardly a loss, however. Paleozoic rocks in the Solitario represent a time span of 240 m.y. with a single break of ~30 m.y. during Silurian, one of the longest depositional records known. Most of the Cretaceous carbonates found in Texas are exposed in the upturned rim, as well as virtually all the units of the Trans-Pecos volcanic series.
The quadrangle also contains evidence of three major orogenies: Llanorian in Silurian; the Ouachita in Pennsylvanian-Permian; and the Laramide in early Tertiary. And that is simply the frosting on the cake of the geologic problems found there.
I teamed up early with Prof. Gene Herrin at Southern Methodist University, who had done his dissertation work at Harvard on the Solitario. We eventually got Prof. Fred McDowell from Univ. of Texas at Austin to date some samples for us and Ken Phillips came forward with his economic geology work. Ora Rostad, who I was working with at AMAX, drilled the granite outcrop I'd found circa 1980 and the company very kindly allowed us to publish the drilling results.
Herrin and I were eventually able to pull all of the available data together and in 1990 we published The Geology of the Solitario as GSA Special Paper 250.
The Solitario had now stirred up my interest in laccoliths. I realized that it might be possible to treat their emplacement and growth as a series of boundary value problems for which quantitative solutions might be possible.
Eventually I was able to break the process down into four stages: (1) movement of magma through the crust; (2) reorientation of the magma from vertical climb to horizontal spreading; (3) cessation of spreading and beginning of thickening; and (4) large-scale deformation of the crust. For each of these stages I was able to demonstrate quantitative mechanisms and controlling factors.
To explain the diverse shapes of laccoliths observed in the field I proposed two end members: (1) punched and (2) Christmas tree laccoliths. Using materially and geometrically nonlinear finite element analyses, developed in cooperation with Prof. Walt Haisler in the Aerospace Engineering Department at Texas A&M, to solve the boundary value problems in continuum mechanics I was able to demonstrate how these end members develop and why the other shapes observed fall between these two end members.
I finished my doctorate in 1976 and went to work as manager of geophysical research for AMAX. Laccoliths are commonly associated with ore bodies and, as noted, AMAX drilled the Solitario in 1980. I eventually published the work on laccoliths as Geological Society of America Special Paper 220 in 1988.
During the summer of 1984 I was on the faculty for the field geology course for Texas A&M in Texas, New Mexico, and Utah. For the summer of 1985 I was on the faculty for the field geology course for the Univ. of Missouri-Rolla and Tulane in Utah.
While serving as a charter member of the board of the Colorado Springs chapter of the ACLU in 2000 I was asked to look into reports of problems with electronic voting machines. That investigation led to joining the IEEE voting equipment standards committee in late 2001. Although I am no longer with the ACLU, I remain actively involved with election issues and IEEE standards to this day.
Even more disturbing is the widespread adoption of mail ballots and even all mail-ballot elections. With a tip of the hat to Mark Twain, I have dubbed my research into these problems as Lies, Damn Lies, and Mail Ballot Elections.
Other issues of concern involve statewide voter registration databases, particularly where the voter can register online. And most cases of election fraud involve insiders so the hijinks of election officials have not been overlooked.
I first encountered the problems with abusive women during the early 1990's working at Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution on Cape Cod. A fellow oceanographer was being stalked and hounded by a former wife more than a decade after a divorce she initiated. Although she was a researcher at the neighboring Marine Biological Laboratory, her behavior was so extreme the Oceanographic was forced to take out a restraining order to keep her off the property. And my colleague was eventually forced to take a position in England to escape her.
My next exposure to a violent woman was more personal. My then wife went violently insane in 1996-1997. Her abuse eventually left me legally blind in my right eye. In the interim I was the one charged, and eventually acquitted of domestic violence. After my acquittal, within six hours deputies were on the doorstep serving me with another restraining order. When that was dismissed the now ex-wife moved to Boulder, Colorado, and sought another restraining order against me there claiming she was in "fear" of me because of a lecture I'd given at MIT as well as discussions with Prof. Ted Madden, who had sponsored my talk. That order, in turn, was dismissed.
Undeterred, she then stalked me for five years, subjecting me to multiple flat and slashed tires, broken car windows, hang-up phone calls every half hour all night long, theft of mail and paychecks, property destruction, death threats, and etc. Numerous complaints to police failed to deter her, as is usually the case with violent and abusive women.
In the face of this injustice and indifference I then began documenting such stories and associated research on the web site Domestic Violence Against Men in Colorado in 1999. Interest in that project spread and in early 2001 I was encouraged to formally incorporate the Equal Justice Foundation, which has served men and women equally since.
In 2001 I teamed up with Prof. Martin Fiebert from Cal State-Long Beach and Erin Pizzey, who first brought the problem of domestic violence to the world's attention, to address the problem of controlling domestic violence against men, with the hope of restoring some balance to this human problem.
Prof. Fiebert has compiled an annotated bibliography of 286 scholarly investigations that demonstrate women are as, or more physically aggressive than men in intimate partner relationships. However, the meme that only men are violent in intimate relationships and women are always and exclusively victims is deeply entrenched in the public consciousness and the uphill battle to restore justice and sanity in these cases continues.
Since July 2010 I have been collecting and analyzing veteran arrest data from El Paso County, Colorado, home of five military bases. To date I and my colleagues have produced two reports and several articles on veteran court operations and collected arrest data for nearly 10,000 veteran arrests in the county.
I am also integrating the veteran arrests with data from the coroner and tracking court outcomes of selected arrests. The objective is to find more effective ways of reintegrating veterans while preserving public safety. This is the largest study of veteran arrests I am aware of.
Corry, C. E., 1988, Laccoliths, mechanics of emplacement and growth: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 220, 110 p., 5 maps, 1 plate.
Corry, C. E., Herrin, E., McDowell, F. W., and Phillips, K. A., 1990, Geology of the Solitario, Trans-Pecos Texas: Geological Society of America, Special Paper 250, 122 p., 4 maps (WHOI contribution 7592), discussion and reply in Geological Society of America Bulletin, 1994, v. 106, no. 4, p. 560-569 (WHOI contribution 8455).
Vacquier, V., Uyeda, S., Yasui, M., Sclater, J. G., Corry, C. E., and Watanabe, T., 1966, Heat flow measurements in the northwestern Pacific: Bulletin of the Earthquake Research Institute, Tokyo, v. 44, p. 1519-1535.
Bieniulis, M. Z., Corry, C. E., Pandey, R. K., and Hoskins, E. R., 1984, Anomalous dielectric behavior in the transition metal chalcogenide, Cu 2 S, chalcocite (abstract): EOS, Transactions, American Geophysical Union, v. 65, no. 45, p. 1106.
Corry, C. E., 1985, Spontaneous polarization associated with porphyry sulfide mineralization: Geophysics, 50 , 1020-1034; also see discussion in v. 51, no. 5, p. 1153-1155.
Corry, C. E., Emer, D., and Zonge, K. L., 1987, Controlled source audio-frequency magnetotelluric surveys of porphyry sulfide deposits and prospects in the Cordillera of the United States: Proceedings, North American Conference on Tectonic Control of Ore Deposits and the Vertical and Horizontal Extent of Ore Systems, University of Missouri - Rolla, p. 204-213.
Woodbury, C. E., and Corry, C. E., 1987, Gravity and magnetic surveys of the Crooked Creek impact structure, Crawford County, Missouri: Geological Society of America Abstracts with Programs, v. 19, no. 7, p. 896.
Corry, C. E., Carlson, N. R., and Zonge, K. L., 1988, Case histories of controlled source audio-frequency magnetotelluric surveys: 58th Annual International Meeting., Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Expanded Abstracts, 415-418.
Corry, C. E., Stevens, J. B., and Herrin, E., 1994, Discussion of "A Laramide age push-up block: the structures and formation of the Terlingua-Solitario structural block, Big Bend region, Texas," by R. J. Erdlac in Geol. Soc. Am. Bull., v. 102, no. 8, p. 1065-1076, discussion and reply, v. 106, no. 4, p. 553-559 (WHOI contribution 8456).
Perry, J.W., Corry, C. E., and Madden, T. R., 1996, Monitoring leakage from underground storage tanks using spontaneous polarization (SP) method, Society of Exploration Geophysicists, Sixty-Sixth Annual Meeting, Expanded Abstracts, v. 1, p. 932-935.
Corry, C. E., 1997, Discussion of "Magnetotelluric delineation of the Trillabelle massive sulfide body in Sudbury, Ontario" by D. Livelybrooks, M. Mareschal, E. Blais, and J. T. Smith, Geophysics, v. 61, no. 4, p. 971-986, discussion and reply, v. 62, no. 5, p. 1672-1673.
Corry, C.E., and Fiebert, M., 2001, Controlling domestic violence against men, Sixth International Conference on Family Violence, San Diego, California, Sept. 8-12.
Nyquist, J. E., and Corry, C. E., 2002, Self-potential: The ugly duckling of environmental geophysics, The Leading Edge, Soc. Exploration Geophysicists, Tulsa, v. 21, no. 5, p. 446-451.
Corry, C. E. and Sharp, T., 1969, Chino mine ground water resistivity survey Stark and McCauley ranches, southwest of Hurley, New Mexico: Kennecott Exploration, Inc., Salt Lake City, Utah, 15 p., 6 maps.
Corry, C. E., DeMoully, G. T., and Gerety, M. T., 1983, Field procedure manual for self-potential surveys (PDF, 3.7 MB), Zonge Engineering Research Organization, 3322 East Fort Lowell, Tucson, Arizona 85716, 63 p.
Haisler, W. E. and Corry, C. E., 1984, MAGGIE, A materially and geometrically nonlinear finite element program for static and dynamic analysis of one, two, and three dimensional structures: Nonlinear Analysis, Inc., Bryan, Texas, 205 p.
Toole, J., Bryden, H., McCartney, M., Corry, C., Cook, M., Knapp, G., Jennings, J., Zimmerman, S., Mantyla, A., Cruise Narrative: South Pacific Description Zonal section at 32 S (P06), WOCE One-time survey cruise report, 61 p.
Corry, C. E., 1996, Optical, Structural, Electrical, and Magnetic Properties of Ore Minerals, Zonge Engineering and Research Organization.
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